An architectural, urban and human legacy to be revaluated.
Manifattura Tabacchi is a former industrial complex, originally used for the processing of tobacco and the production of cigars and cigarettes. For over 70 years, until the end of 2001, the factory has employed more than 1,400 employees, set up the time and economy of the whole neighborhood.
Officially the project is the brainchild of the technicians of the Monopoly, but the stylish and iconic modernity of its architecture have suggested the involvement of Pier Luigi Nervi, Engineer and owner of the construction firm that built it between 1933 and 1940. Fine example of the modernism and functionalism of the time, the complex covers an area of over 6 hectares with 16 buildings that are spread over 100.000sqm and 410,000 cubic meters.
Building 1file_download Technical drawings
Built at a later stage than the others, Building 1 ideally closes the Manufacture complex to the North / North-West. It represented an added warehouse and was used in recent times for temporary events. According to the reuse project, Building 1 will house student residences.
Building 2 and 3file_download Technical drawings
Buildings 2 and 3, -built in the first phase of construction and quite symbolical of the principles of Functionalism of the 1930s- are marked by a sober monumentality. The imposing spaces of the warehouses were devoted to the raw tobaccos and their drying, they will probably be destined to high-end hospitality, with a garden facing the nearby Parco delle Cascine.
Building 4file_download Technical drawings
Building 4, - opposite in a mirror pattern to Building 5, which was the manufacturing heart of the Manifattura, where the superior cigars and cigarettes were processed-, together with the building for General Services have a minimalist architectural identity and rigorous lines. They are models of great refinement and, at the same time, show a hard-edge interpretation of the architectural culture of the time. In the reuse project, it could become one of the main elements of the large covered square and be turned into workplaces and retail space.
Building 5file_download Technical drawings
Building 5 occupies the left wing of the production area of the old Manifattura, where the Toscani cigars and the so-called "sigaretti" of Rome were packaged. Building 5 will house executive or co-working space in the upper floors and retail space on the lower floors.
Building 6file_download Technical drawings
Characterized by the symmetrical façade and the large clock, Building 6 used to house the general services of the State Monopoly and separated the clock square from the production area. In the renovation project, the building will house Polimoda, a fashion advanced educational institution.
Building 7file_download Technical drawings
Building 7 is ideally connected with the building facing Via delle Cascine and takes up its round shape and style; it has a bas-relief by Coccia in the concavity of the façade and separates the square entrance from the space behind the Puccini Theatre. Originally used as a warehouse for finished products, it could be reused for recreational and educational functions.
Building 8file_download Technical drawings
Facing Via delle Cascine, Building 8's façade is the imposing urban front of the complex, characterized by its curved shape and monumental entrance, enhanced by Francesco Coccia's bas-relief and travertine stone cladding, typical of the classical syntax of Rationalist architecture of the time. It originally housed the executive offices, housing and the Company kindergarten. The redevelopment project includes residential use.
Building 9file_download Technical drawings
It represents continuity with the main façade down the side towards the Parco delle Cascine, along the parallel tramway line. At the time when the Manifattura was still working, it was used as a warehouse for finished and 'ready for sale' products. The project use is residential.
Building 10file_download Technical drawings
The old thermal power plant of the Manifattura is located in a strategic position, close to the stop of the new tramline network, and therefore directly linked to the historic centre. The structure will be preserved to create an informal environment for food halls and restaurants.
Building 11file_download Technical drawings
The old workshop, that was used for the maintenance of equipment, has a lower height than the surrounding buildings and will be the 'beating heart' of the new square, with food halls and restaurants. At the back, a multipurpose hall for cultural events is envisaged.
Building 12file_download Technical drawings
The building, a typical example of industrial architecture of the late 19th century, was originally used for the packaging and boxing of finished products. It represent the oldest building of the whole area, the only one that was already existing at the time of the ‘30s settlement and it could be one of the wings of an avenue dedicated to "makers", hosting ateliers and artisan workshops.
Building 13file_download Technical drawings
Built as 'After-work' Theatre of the State Monopolies, in 1940, the Puccini Theatre has offered an ongoing program of events up until the 1990s, with a specific interest in "Satire and the Contamination of Genres".
Building A and 14file_download Technical drawings
The two small buildings, built immediately after the grand opening of the factory, housed the Officina Cassai.
Building 15file_download Technical drawings
Built as a warehouse with a steel structure, Building 15 belongs to a later phase, a few decades after the opening of the factory, and is a testimony of the great activity of the last decades of the Seventies.
The cradle of the Renaissance: humanism, the arts, science and commerce.
Florence is the city that, more than any other, represents the richness of Italian culture. An open-air workshop where art, architecture, science and literature were “reborn” after the darkness of the Middle Ages; a re-birth with Man and his manual skills at its core. From great patrons to great artists, from theoretical reflections to art workshops, Florence is the place where the different aspirations and needs of the modern man meet: social life and work, production and trade, culture and the arts.
Manifattura Tabacchi is located in a strategic area on the west side of the city of Florence, between Cascine Park and Novoli, close to a University campus and Hippodrome. A quadrilateral that can be a hub and a junction able to revitalize and reconnect an entire neighbourhood to the nearby historic centre, thanks to the development of a new and sustainable public transport with bike lanes and pedestrian paths.
03 The Project
A square for the New Millennium and digital manufacturing.
Manifattura Tabacchi’s urban regeneration and adaptive reuse is symbolically evocative of the Florentine tradition as a hub where different needs can coexist and integrate. Retail and co-working spaces, with particular attention to the creative industries; partnership with educational institutes; restaurants and markets of local products, hotels, housing, underground car parks: the new spaces work in harmony with the existing buildings and context, with a view to a sustainable development.
Manifattura Tabacchi is committed to safeguard not only the existing architectural and urban identity, but also permeability with the immediate context and the neighbourhood, as well as the accessibility of public spaces or for public use, in order to help the cultural, artistic and social regeneration of the whole area. An aggregation centre open to everyone, connected and sustainable, capable of attracting new people and creating a platform of growth for the neighbourhood and the city to enhance the values of culture, contemporary crafts, education and tourism.
A dynamic, open, connected place.
Manifattura Tabacchi aims to be, above all, a centre of attraction and aggregation, able to offer new opportunities and new reasons to visit Florence, beyond the tradition of the historic centre. A sort of contemporary counterpoint where constant activities and temporary events will be able to kick off an organic process of growth.
To this end, while still under construction, Manifattura Tabacchi will host a series of events, based on a cultural program that aims to suggest, envisage and anticipate future activities. The evocative and iconic spaces of Manifattura Tabacchi are therefore open and available for events according to the specific needs of cultural institutions or firms.
For more information about events at Manifattura Tabacchi: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Virtual Tour is an immersive experience that allows you to navigate the spaces of Manifattura Tabacchi. Developed with a sophisticated technology, based on innumerable photographic shootings, it represents the state of the art and an important record of the architectural history of the complex, allowing a 360 degree view of the exteriors and of some interiors of the buildings.
In order to facilitate navigation, the Virtual Tour’s map is divided into different sections. The bottom hidden taskbar indicates the Start and End points of the tour and the node frame shots. The sign Play allows a guided tour according to the main direction, but you can also move interactively within the space using mouse and pointer for a 360 degree view of the different places. The green Pins suggest directions while the red Pin represents the end of the specific section of the tour and the link to the next section.